In the Vaishnava Scripture the Mahabharata, Hari (Krishna-Vishnu) says in His Bhagavad-gita “Song of God” that He is Dharmaraja. At one point in the end of the Scriptural story about King Yudhistira, Lord Dharma Raja accompanies the righteous Pandavas IN THE FORM OF A STRAY DOG, as they each ascend the Holy Mountain to their death. Finally Dharma Raja reveals Himself in His Divine Form after King Yudhistira passes the last test of his dharma righteousness.
Throughout the ancient World the DOG FORM OF GOD / HARI was associated with GUIDING the dead to the Afterlife and JUDGING them. Sometimes He was the Companion, Brother or Alter-Form of Kings, Healers or vigilant Protectors / Guards.
Associated with the burning and burial grounds, the Indian Santal Hound was identified with Siva and especially an all-black Santal Hound was a familiar or totem of the Tamo-Guna Avatara Form of Siva as the Lord of the Dead, Spirits, Bhutas or Ghosts. So, the identification of the Dog of the Dead with both Vishnu as Dharmaraja the Judge of the Dead, and with Siva as the Lord of the Dead / Spirits is found throughout India in various branches of Vaishnava and Shaivite ‘Hinduism’ today.
‘PRIMITIVE DOG BREEDS’ are those that have the most ancient genetics. Globally some of them are quite similar in looks and certain characteristic behaviors. The sacred Xolotl Hound of Meso-America is considered the Dog Form of the Lord of the Dead, Who is the Twin Brother or the Brother of Quetzequatl. The North American Natives also had a Primitive Dog, which today is called the Carolina Dog. Both the Sacred Mexican Xolotl and the Carolina Hound are very similar to the Santal Hound of India and the Primitive Pharaoh Hound of Egypt. All of these Primitive Dogs have been religiously associated with the Judgement of the Dead and/or the Afterlife.
The Lord as Dharma-Raja is the Lord of Torah Divine Law and Order, Who structures the Universe, creating Cosmos out of chaos! His association with the Dead as both Guide, Guardian and Judge also identifies Him with Shiva, which is why the Dog of the burial ground is Sacred to Shiva and is in fact an alter-Form or Totem of Shiva. Accross the range of Greater India, dogs, and especially large black pointed-eared dogs are considered to be like ‘familiar spirits’ or Forms of Shiva by many (especially the more tamasic) Shaivites. Thus as dogs were sacred to Anpu in Egypt, dogs were sacred to Shiva throughout the range of Shaivism in Greater India. The question is: when did the Xolotl first appear in Meso-America? Was this dog that was associated with Dharmaraja brought with the Spanish, through the route from Egypt as I have described with the photos in this Album? Or was there already a Tradition of the Dog-God of the Dead here, when the Spanish arrived?
D.N.A. Backs Lore on Pre-Columbian Dogs
“Xolos were considered the earthly representation of the god “Xolotl”. The Aztecs believed that Xolos would protect them from evil sprits and evil people. In Aztec mythology, the Xolos were known as a dog-god that accompanied the souls to their way to paradise. Xolos helped them and guided them to their eternal resting place.”Dharmaraja is the Form of Heru/Hari Who is the Judge and Guide of the Dead. Here He is guiding King Yudhisthira in His Form as a Dog. When Yudhisthira refuses to abandon the helpless dog that is depending on him, even to go to Swarga Heaven, Lord Dharmaraja reveals His true Form to His son, Yudhisthira. Dharmaraja then explains how He was testing Yudhisthira’s worthiness as a Dharma Protector, to go to Heaven. By refusing to abandon even a stray dog that was dependent on him, King Yudhisthira passed his Father’s Test of faithfulness to the duties of a Dharma-Protecting King.
If one does not know the story of the Mahabharata in which the Bhagavad-Gita is the central Theophany and Self-Revelation of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Krishna-Vishnu-Paramatama, one will not understand this album, and most of my o…ther cross-Traditional posts. I am comparing the Vedic-Vaishnava Tradition with other ancient Bhakti Devotional Traditions world-wide. To make these comparisons I must sort-out the many heterodox Traditions that have opposed the Bhakti Traditions. This means that I must understand all of these traditions, both Bhakti and non-bhakti in order to decide which ones are ‘cognate’ and which are heterodox or not cognate.
How is it possible to do this? It is only possible because Sri Krishna gives a series of discourses or lessons to Arjuna in His Bhagavad-Gita, in which He Himself explains HOW and WHY to distinguish the proper SATTVIC worship of HARI/ KRISHNA-VISHNU-PARAMATMAN from the worship of all other ‘gods’ and all other kinds of religiosity. When, in the late 1960s I began using these instructions of Krishna to Arjuna to sort-out the religious history of humanity, I found that they proved to be 100% accurate. These instructions were in fact the key to opening-up and ‘unpacking’ the great mysteries of ancient history! If one reads and understands the Bhagavad-Gita AS IT IS, and has read or heard the relevant stories from the Mahabhatra, then they will be prepared to understand my posts.
For example, one must understand that in the final journey of the Pandavas, the Heroic Friends of God/Krishna, as they renounce the world and climb up into the Holy Himalaya Mountains to meet their Death, they are joined by a stray dog, which quickly becomes dependent upon them. After the other younger Pandava Brothers have met Death, the righteous older Brother King Yudhisthira, who is the Son of Dharma (HARI as Righteousness in Person, King Yama-Raja) is approached from the sky by Indra in a Heavenly Chariot and invited to go to Heaven immediately without experiencing Death!
As King Yudhisthira is about to mount the Chariot with his dog at his feet, Indra says that Yudhisthira’s dog cannot come (dogs being considered ritually Tamasic animals, whose very presense spoils a Sattvic Vedic sacrifice). At this, Yudhisthira steps back from the Heavenly Chariot and says that he must stay behind to take care of the dog, because it has become dependent upon him. As the very essense of the Dharma of the Vedic-Vaishnava King is to take care of every last being that is dependent upon him, once again in this final test, King Yudhisthira proves his devotion to Dharma, even at the cost of his own ascent to heaven! At this stunning expression of King Yudhisthira’s devotion to the welfare of a stray dog, the Dog then reveals His Original Form, and HE is Lord Dharma Raja, Yudhisthira’s Own Divine Father Himself!
Having thus tested the depths of Yudhisthira’s real devotion to Dharma/Righteousness, Lord Dharmaraja blesses him and Yudhisthira mounts King Indra’s Chariot for the trip to Swarga/Heaven.
Thus we see that the Lord HARI as Righteousness in Person, King Dharmaraja (also called YAMA-RAJA) in the form of a DOG, has, in this story acted as the companion or ‘guide’ of the Righteous Pandavas on their difficult ascent (anabasis) towards Death. Like the Egyptian HERU-WASU-ANPU or ANUBIS, He is also, as Yama-Raja, the Judge of the Dead.
It is obvious that the inter-racial and inter-linguistic Afro-Heleno-Semitic Mediterranean Heliopolitan Tradition of the Dog-Headed-Human-God or Dog-God Anpu or Anubis is related to the Vedic-Vaishnava and Pure Land Buddhist Tradition of Dharma or Yama Raja.
The question is whether the Meso-American Tradition of the Dog-headed Guide and Protector of the Dead, the Dog Deity Xolotl pre-existed the arrival of the Spanish, or was brought by the Spanish from the earlier Mediterranean (Egyptian) Tradition. Since it initially appears that the Xolotl Tradition and species of dog predates the arrival of the Spanish, this is an area of research that promises to yield some very interesting results. Recently I have learned of the Spanish Ibizan breed of dogs. Has anyone done a comparative genetic study on the Ibizan, the Meso-American Hairless Xolo and the Maltese Pharaoh Hound?
In the early 1970s, to focus my research on the ancient Mediterranean Asyla Federation connections to the Eastern Hemisphere Bhakti Traditions, I had to leave off of many of my studies of the Pre-Colombian Civilizations in the Western Hemisphere, so I have not been able to follow up on this particular area of study, and I invite those Vaishnavas who are particularly interested to contact me if they want to form a research group, under my direction, for Comparative Pre-Colombian-and-Vedic-Vaishnava Studies.
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